Most people living with chronic kidney disease are treated with dialysis – either at home or at a clinic. Dialysis is a process involving the removal of waste and extra fluid from your blood that your kidneys are no longer able to filter out. Other treatment options for kidney disease include kidney transplant or conservative care.
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) at home
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a treatment that uses the lining of your abdomen (peritoneal membrane) as a filter to clean your blood while the dialysis solution is in your peritoneal cavity. Because of this, PD can be performed at home, at work, or while travelling, either by yourself or with the support of a caregiver. You can perform PD during the day or while you sleep, giving you the flexibility to plan your dialysis treatments around your daily schedule. Peritoneal dialysis is typically performed every day.
Home haemodialysis (home HD)
Haemodialysis (HD) filters your blood using a machine that has a synthetic membrane called a dialyser. It can be performed at home, either during the day or while you sleep, typically with the support of a caregiver. The ability to treat without a clinician’s assistance may allow you to plan your treatment schedule around work, school, or other activities. Home HD is typically performed 3-6 times per week.
In-centre haemodialysis (in-centre HD)
Haemodialysis can also be performed in a hospital or dialysis clinic under the supervision of your clinician. In-centre haemodialysis (in-centre HD) typically requires that you visit the hospital or clinic 3 times a week for treatments that last between 3-5 hours each time. Your treatment will be closely supervised, and you will be around others who are receiving a similar treatment.
Comparing dialysis options
Not every type of dialysis will suit your physical, clinical, emotional and lifestyle needs. There are different benefits and considerations for each option. Be prepared to discuss these with your clinician to ensure you are choosing the dialysis option that is right for you.Compare dialysis options