Other Treatment Options

Sometimes, a kidney transplant may be a treatment option. For others, supportive care without dialysis may also be a suitable option.

Illustration of a kidney transplant

What is a Kidney Transplant?

A kidney transplant is a surgical operation where a healthy kidney from a donor is placed in your body. This new kidney will filter your blood and remove excess fluids the way your own two kidneys would if they were healthy.


What is Required to Have a Kidney Transplant?

For your kidney transplant to succeed, the healthy kidney must come from a donor whose blood and tissue types are compatible with yours. It is also beneficial if the donor’s genetic characteristics are similar to your own.

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How Likely is a Kidney Transplant To be Successful?

In Australia, kidney transplants have a high success rate – currently, over 94% of transplants are working one year later.


Benefits of a Kidney Transplant

A successful kidney transplant may allow you to live a longer and higher quality life than while you were on dialysis.  You will no longer need to receive dialysis treatments or restrict your diet as much as you had before. However, life after a kidney transplant can be hard. Kidney transplant recovery may require immunosuppressant therapy, which can take a while to get used to, and involves many visits to the hospital.

Kidney transplants are not without risks.

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Conservative care

If you and your clinician decide that neither dialysis nor a kidney transplant is right for you, you may consider conservative care. This is when your healthcare team cares for you without dialysis or a kidney transplant. Instead, they focus on controlling your symptoms and providing you the best possible quality of life. Conservative care is not a treatment, it is a means for making you comfortable for the remainder of your life. If you choose conservative care, your healthcare team will help you create a plan that meets your physical, emotional and lifestyle needs.

Where to go next?

Illustration of a man and woman sleeping in a bed during at-home peritoneal dialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) at Home

If you’re not able to get a transplant, you may consider going on dialysis. You may even be able to do it at home. Learn more about peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Illustration of a patient participating in in-home haemodialysis

Home Haemodialysis (Home HD)

There is more than one way to do dialysis at home. Learn more about home haemodialysis (Home HD).

Illustration of a patient participating in in-centre haemodialysis

In-Centre Haemodialysis (In-Centre HD)

You may also consider receiving dialysis in a hospital or treatment centre near you. Learn more about in-centre haemodialysis (In-Centre HD).