There are two types of kidney donations:
A healthy kidney can be surgically removed from a living donor and transplanted into you. A living kidney donor can be a relative, friend, spouse, or anybody else who is willing to donate and has the same tissue type as you and a blood type that is compatible with your own. Even if you find a living donor, your clinician may still recommend that you register for a kidney transplant waiting list.
If you are not able to get a donation from a living kidney donor, you will need to be placed on a waitlist to receive a deceased-donor kidney. Your clinician will help guide you through this process. Most countries have a centralised organisation that manages this process and helps patients navigate the system. In Australia, the Organ and Tissue Authority is responsible for this.
The average wait time for a transplant can be between 3 and 5 years. In some cases, it is possible to receive a transplant before commencing dialysis. If you are not able to get a kidney transplant before you start on dialysis, be sure that you choose the type of dialysis that best suits your health and lifestyle needs, making it as easy as possible for you to stay on your treatment plan.